Kleinig, John W. “Witting or Unwitting Ritualists?” Lutheran Theological Journal. 22.1 (1988): 13-22.

We are all ritualists. We may find that hard to believe, because Lutherans don’t usually rate ritual very highly. Like many of our contemporaries, we tend to associate ritual with hocus-pocus, superstition, and magic. At best, ritual is used by Roman Catholics and High Church Anglicans to obscure the Gospel and to mystify ordinary people. There is, therefore, little serious reflection on ritual in our circles…


Doxology provides a safe environment for clergy to reflect on their own spiritual and emotional health and assists them to review and enhance their professional competencies and skills as servants of Christ and stewards of God’s sacred mysteries.

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